home
The following is a list of recommended wine grape varieties for Maryland, as of 2017. It is based on a combination of evaluations from Maryland grape growers and regional University of Maryland supervised variety trials. This list has changed and it is anticipated that it will continue to change as more knowledge and experience is gained with different varieties.

The Maryland Grape Growers Association cannot guarantee commercial success with any of these varieties. Some growers will be very successful with varieties that MGGA does not recommend. Others will fail even when growing these recommended varieties. Successful grape growing is an outcome predicated on a combination of many things, including, but not limited to, vineyard site, soils, mesoclimate, disease pressure, grower skill, and weather conditions in any particular year.


Recommended  Wine  Grape  Varieties  for  Maryland
VARIETY RIPENING VIGOR 1 YIELD 2 MARYLAND ZONE 3 VARIETY
RED VINIFERA
Barbera  Mid M - V 2 to 3 East & West  Barbera 
Cabernet Franc  Mid V 2 to 3 East & West  Cabernet Franc 
Merlot  Mid to Late M - V 2 to 3 East & West (best sites only)  Merlot 
Petit Verdot  Late M - V 2 to 3 East & West  Petit Verdot 
 
WHITE VINIFERA
Albarino  Mid to Late M 2 to 3 East & West  Albarino 
Chardonnay  Mid V 2 to 3 East & West  Chardonnay 
Chenin Blanc  Late V 3 to 4 East Only  Chenin Blanc 
Petit Mangseng  Late M - V 3 to 4 East Only  Petit Mangseng 
Pinot Blanc  Early to Mid M - V 2 to 3 East & West  Pinot Blanc 
Pinot Gris/Grigio  Early M - V 2 to 3 East & West  Pinot Gris/Grigio 
Sauvignon Blanc  Early V 2 to 3 East Only  Sauvignon Blanc 
Semillion  Early V 4 to 6 East Only  Semillion 
 
RED HYBRID
Chambourcin  Late M - V 3 to 7 East & West  Chambourcin 
 
WHITE HYBRID
Cayuga  Early M 4 to 6 East & West  Cayuga 
Chardonel  Late M - V 3 to 4 East Only  Chardonel 
Seyval Blanc  Mid M - V 4 to 6 East & West  Seyval Blanc 
Traminette  Late M - V 4 to 6 East & West  Traminette 
Valvin Muscat  Mid M - V 3 to 4 West Only  Valvin Muscat 
Vidal Blanc  Late V 4 to 6 East & West  Vidal Blanc 
Vignoles  Mid M - V 2 to 3 East & West  Vignoles 
 
SUPER HARDY HYBRIDS 4
Frontenac (red)  Late V 2 to 4 West Mountains Only  Frontinac (red)
La Crescent (white)  Mid V 2 to 4 West Mountains Only  La Crescent (white)
Marquette (red)  Late V 2 to 4 West Mountains Only  Marquette (red)
VARIETY RIPENING VIGOR 1 YIELD 2 MARYLAND ZONE 3 VARIETY
N      
O      
T      
E      
S      
1 Vigor: L=low - M=medium - V=vigorous
2 Yield: tons per acre
3 Maryland Zones: The Route 95 corridor seperates the East/West zones
4 Super Hardy Hybrids: These varieties have been developed to tolerate temperatures down to -30F

The following varieties are showing promise, but more study is needed. They are recommended for trial.

RED VINIFERA
VARIETY NOTES
Colombard Doing well in East
Malbec Only on best sites - appears to be very cold tender.
Souzao Doing well in East & West
Teroldego Doing well in West
 
WHITE VINIFERA
Gruner Veltliner Doing well in East
Marsanne Doing well in East
Rousanne Doing well in East
Vermentino Doing well in East